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topJapanese Academy of Budo Submission Guidelines
Instructions for Contributors to the Research Journal of Budo
 


1. As a general rule, only the members of the Japanese Academy of Budo are allowed to contribute to the Research Journal of Budo. When the members of the Editorial Committee deem it necessary, however, they may request for non-member contributions.

2. Contributions are limited to Reviews, Original Research Papers, Research Notes, papers on Research of Practice and Instruction, Case Studies, and Other Articles (book reviews, critiques, commentaries, notes, research trends in and outside Japan, news on related societies, reports by special subcommittees, reports from overseas, etc.), and each article should be complete in all respects.
a. A gReviewh must be a summary of major research papers regarding Budo, and should be systematically consistent based on a specific point of view.
b. An gOriginal Research Paperh must be a scientific paper regarding Budo both in its content and format. It should present a conclusion based on enough evidence, and should bring new scientific knowledge to light. The structure and the titles of the paper should be appropriate for the applicable field of research.
c. gResearch Noteh should be a report based on investigations or experiments, and should have value as objective material. The work does not require the titles and content expected in original papers, but the meaning for submitting the material in relation to relevant research should be self-explanatory.
d. gResearch of Practice and Instructionh should be based on useful practical data collected through Budo instruction, and should consist of research and analysis regarding methods of teaching.
e. gCase Studyh should be a detailed investigation or research regarding a specific case with a limited scope and the report should contribute to the development of Budo.
f. gOther Articlesh refer to book reviews, critiques, commentaries, research reports, research trends in and outside Japan, news on related societies, reports by special subcommittees, reports from overseas, etc.

3. The Editorial Committee decides if a manuscript is acceptable, and if so, when to publish it.

4. Submitted manuscripts published in the journal will not be returned.

5. Manuscripts should be typed horizontally in black ink in block style, and the style of Japanese used should be gc de aru.h One original copy and two photocopies of the manuscripts should be submitted. The first page of the original copy should be a cover sheet stating the type of manuscript, with the title and name of author(s) along with contact information including the name of the institution(s) the author(s) belong to and its address, together with three to five keywords. Final manuscripts after peer review should also be submitted electronically.

6. Manuscripts should be no more than 12 pages in length (equivalent to 40 pages of 400 character manuscript paper) including illustrations, charts, and abstracts. If the manuscripts are longer or require special printing, the author(s) should bear the printing cost to make the difference.

7. Reviews and Original Research Papers should be accompanied by an abstract in English. It should state the title of the manuscript, name of author(s), name of the institutions that author(s) belong to, summary, and key words in this order. It should be double-spaced and must not exceed 400 characters in length. It should have a Japanese translation as well.

8. The size of illustrations or charts should not exceed A4 paper, and the letters and figures within the illustrations or charts must be clear to avoid smudging when printed. Attached photographs should be cabinet size and mounted so they will not bend.

9. As a general rule, the number of illustrations and charts must not exceed 6. Each of them is equivalent to one page of 400 characters, so depending on the number of illustrations and charts you wish to use the length of the manuscript should be adjusted.

10. Each illustration or chart should have a title and number, and notes in the margin in red using the allocated numbers should indicate which illustration or chart should be inserted where.

11. As a general rule, references should begin with the surname(s) of the author(s) in an alphabetic order after the text. If it is a journal, name(s) of the author(s), title of the article, name of the journal, volume number, page(s), and year of publication should be listed in this order.

12. If separate printing is required, the number of copies required and forwarding address should be indicated in red on the cover sheet. In that case, the author will bear the costs.

 


The same rules apply when submitting manuscripts in English. The manuscripts should be typed in black ink. Original papers should be accompanied by an abstract in Japanese, which states the title of the manuscript, name of author(s), name of the institutions that author(s) belong to, and a summary in this order. It must not exceed 800 characters in length.

 

The copyright (including rights of reproduction, public transmission, rights to translate, and rights to use derivative works) of the articles featured in the journal belongs to the Japanese Academy of Budo. However, authors are responsible for the contents of his or her article.

Supplementary Provision
These provisions came into force as of April 1, 2009.
 


1. Preparation and Printing of the Manuscripts
As a general rule, the manuscripts must be typed horizontally on A4 paper. Each page should consist of 30 lines and each line should have 40 full-width characters (use half-width characters for English and numeric characters) with a 3 centimeter margin on all four sides of the page. The font size should be 10.5 point.

2. How to Submit a Manuscript
The manuscript must have a cover sheet, abstract in English, its Japanese translation, text, and illustrations, charts, and/or photographs in this order, and three copies must be submitted; one original and two photocopies. Manuscripts in an electronic format should be submitted after peer review.

3. Cover
List the following information on the cover:

a. Type of Manuscript
Please state whether it is a Review, Original Research Paper, Research Notes, Research of Practice and Instruction, Case Study, or Other (book reviews, critiques, commentaries, notes, research trends in and outside Japan, news on related societies, reports by special subcommittees, reports from overseas, etc.)

b. Title
The title should accurately describe the research theme. Subtitles should follow using a colon (:).

c. Author’s Name (Institute of Affiliation)
Name(s) of the Author(s) and the Institution the Author(s) Belong To Name(s) of the author(s) should be written in order of surname(s) and given name(s) and the institution he or she belongs to should be written after his or her name in parenthesis. If it is joint research, names of all the authors should be written in order of the main author and co-authors, as well as the names of the institution they belong to also in parenthesis.

d. First Authorfs Institute of Affiliation and Location etc.
Contact Information of the Institution the Main Author Belongs to
The address, telephone number, fax number of the institution the main author belongs to should be written in this order. An email address should be included as well.

e. Key Words
Key words should describe the theme and characteristics of the article. Three to five key words should be listed both in Japanese and English.

4. English Abstract
An English abstract explaining the gist of the research must always be included in an Original Research Paper. This must also be accompanied by a Japanese translation of the abstract. In the case of Research Notes, Research of Practice and Instruction and Case Studies, the inclusion of an abstract is optional, but the title, author name(s), and institution(s) of affiliation should be written in English. English abstracts should be written the following way.

a. Title
The first word of an English title should begin with a capital letter, and the rest should be lower case unless they are proper nouns which need to be capitalized.
Example: A historical study on

b. Subtitle
A subtitle should follow the title after a colon. The first letter of the first word should be capitalized and the rest should be lower case.

c. Authorfs Name (Institute of Affiliation)
Name of the Author(s) and the Institution the Author(s) Belong to Name(s) of the author(s) should be written in order of given name(s) and surname(s). His or her given name should start with a capital letter but the rest of the letters should be lower case, and the surname should be all capitalized. Names of the institution of affiliation should be written after his or her name in parenthesis with the first letters of each word capitalized and the rest in lower case. If it is joint research, first names and surnames of all the authors should be written in order of the main author and co-authors, as well as the names of the institution they belong to also in parenthesis.
Example: Akira ITO

d. Summary
The summary should be double-spaced and should not exceed 400 words in length.

e. Key Words
List three to five key words that describe the theme and the characteristics of the article.

5. Format of the Text
a. The structure of the text and how to format headings The text should, as a general rule, consist of chapters, paragraphs, sections, and each of the headings should be as follows:
T …… PD…… ..……
Pj…… @ …… D……

b. Format for Reference List
The reference list entry should begin with the last name(s) of the author(s) in an alphabetic order with numbers in parenthesis, and the applicable section of the text should have the same number in parenthesis.
(1) Journals
Name(s) of the author(s), title, name of the journal, number of volume, pages, and the year of publication.
(2) Books
Name(s) of the author(s), name of the book, name of the publisher, pages, version number, and the year of publication. If there are multiple authors, use a middle dot (E) if it is Japanese and use eandf if it is English. If there are more than three names to list in English, use a comma to separate each name until the last name where you insert eand.f

c. Pages
The page number should be located on center bottom of the page starting on the first page of the text.
Example: - 1 -

d. Numeric Characters
As a general rule, Arabic numerals should be used.

e. Units of Measurement
As a general rule, International System of Units (SI) should be used.

f. Name of an Era and Japanese Units of Measurement
(1) Name of an Era
When a name of an era is being used in the text, Common Era year should also be noted in parenthesis as necessary.
Example: Meiji 10 (1877)

(2) Japanese Units of Measurement
When Japanese units of measurement are being used in the text, length in meters should also be noted.
Example: 8-Shaku (approximately 2.4 meters)

g. Abbreviation
If the author(s) decides to abbreviate the terms that are often used in the text for the purpose of convenience, the term should be written in full the first time it appears and it should be followed by ghereafter referred to as ____.h

6. Illustrations, Charts and Photographs Illustrations, charts and photographs should be prepared according to the Submission Guidelines 1-8, 9, and 10.

7. Manuscripts in English
When submitting manuscripts in English the same rules apply as for submitting manuscripts in Japanese. The manuscripts should be typed in black ink. Reviews and Original Research Papers should be accompanied by an abstract in Japanese, which states the title of the manuscript, name of author(s), name of the institutions that the author(s) belong to, and a summary in Japanese in this exact order. It must not exceed 800 characters in length.

Requests from the Editorial Committee

To conduct a fair judgment please do not write the name(s) of the author(s), name and address of the institution that author(s) belong to, or acknowledgments on the cover, in the English abstract, Japanese translation of the text, and the text of the two photocopies.
 


1. The guidelines for reviewing manuscripts submitted for the Research Journal of Budo are set as follows:

2. The Editorial Committee selects the reviewers based on the category of review the contributor wants.

3. Selection of Reviewers
a. Two reviewers will be selected for Reviews, Original Research Papers and Research Notes.
b. Two reviewers will be selected for Research of Practice and Instruction and Case Studies.
c. Other Articles (book reviews, critiques, commentaries, notes, research trends in and outside Japan, news on related societies, reports by special subcommittees, reports from overseas, etc.) will be reviewed by the Editorial Committee.

4. After reviewing, manuscripts will be put into four categories; A (approved for publication), B (will be reviewed after correction), C (not approved for publication) and D (impossible to review).
a. A means the manuscripts have no mistakes and are ready to be published.
b. B means the manuscripts has minor mistakes that need to be corrected, and another review after the corrections is required.
c. C means the manuscripts have problems that are difficult to correct, and are inappropriate to feature in the journal.
d. D means the manuscripts cannot be reviewed for some reason. In this case, other reviewers will be selected immediately.
e. When reviewing, conditional acceptance gApproved on one conditionh or gNot appropriate as an Original Research Paper but acceptable as Research Notesh will not be granted.
f. Reviewers who indicated B should write a detailed reason for each part that needs corrections including careless mistakes on a separate sheet. As a general rule, listing other corrections or required modifications are not allowed after the first review.

5. The Editorial Committee should decide whether or not to publish the article in the following way:
a. When there are two reviewers:
- The result of reviewing is two As - Approved for publication.
- The result of reviewing is one A and one B or two Bs - Needs to be corrected and then will be second review.
- The result of reviewing is two Cs - Not acceptable. - The result of reviewing is one A and one C or one B and one C - The Editorial Committee will select the third reviewer to review the manuscript and determine as follows:
- The result of reviewing is two As and one C - Approved for publication.
- The result of reviewing is one A, one B and one C - Needs to be corrected and then will be reviewed again.
- The result of reviewing is one A and two Cs - Not acceptable.
- The result of reviewing is two Bs and one C - Needs to be corrected and then will be reviewed again.
- The result of reviewing is one B and two Cs - Not acceptable.
b. When there is only one reviewer, the Editorial Committee will follow his or her decision.
c. The Editorial Committee will notify the contributor(s) as well as reviewer(s) of the result of reviewing promptly.
d. The contributor(s) of the manuscript will be notified of the result of reviewing and the reasons for that decision by post.
e. The contributor(s) of the manuscript will be notified of the result and the reasons for the decision, and will be asked to make corrections and re-submit the manuscript when reviewers decide that it needs to be corrected for another review.

6. Reviewing of the Re-submitted Manuscripts
The reviewer who initially gave a B will be asked to re-review the manuscript. After that, the aforementioned procedure 5-a.c.d.e. will apply.

7. Reviewers must not contact contributors or other reviewers regarding the reviewing process until the decision has been made whether or not to publish the manuscript.

8. If the Editorial Committee decides that there is a significant problem with publishing the applicable article, it can make a decision about publication after consultation with the reviewers.

These guidelines for reviewing come into practice on April 1, 2009.

 
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